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principles of occupational safety and health ppt

health & safety in the office environment. 4. Occupational health A manual for primary health care workers World Health Organization Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean WHO-EM/OCH/85/E/L Occupational health is the application of biology,medicine, epidemiology, engineering, economics,education, politics, the law and other disciplines toprotect workers from diseases of the workplace. It aims at providing a method to assess and improve … • MULTIPLE CAUSES COM - Safety Principles, SYSTEMS THEORY • A system is a group of interrelated components that interact together to form a whole. Follow a Book “Occupational Safety and Health” Introduction to Collegiate Safety Courses 4 Parts Accidents and OSHA Standards Hazard Identification, Principles of Occupational Safety and Health Part 1 Accidents and OSHA Standards Jeffrey S. Oakley, Ph.D., CSP, Goals for this Series • Follow a Book “Occupational Safety and Health” • Introduction to Collegiate Safety Courses • 4 Parts • Accidents and OSHA Standards • Hazard Identification • Hazard Analysis and Prevention • Ethics and Safety Management • Education and Training (Applied) • Trial for Other Series (Industrial Hygiene, Environmental, Etc.) 3. objectives :. • INCIDENT RATE ? COM - Safety Principles, Learning ObjectivesPart 1 – Accidents and OSHA Standards • Understand the History and Purpose of Safety and Health Programs (Accident Prevention Programs) • Understand the goals of OSHAct and OSHA • Understand the Effects of Accidents and Accident Theories • Understand the Need for Worker’s Compensation Insurance COM - Safety Principles, CHAPTER 1 – Safety and Health Movement, Then and Now History of H & S movement is important to understanding the “roots” and future. Supervisor is key in prevention 10. Create stunning presentation online in just 3 steps. Principles of Occupational Safety and Health. Hands COM - Safety Principles, REPETITIVE STRESS INJURIES • RSI - Repetitive Stress Injuries is a broad term which includes injuries resulting from cumulative trauma to the soft tissues • MSD - Musculoskeletal Disorders • CTS - Carpal Tunnel Syndrome - common repetitive stress injury to the wrist which effects the median nerve. Based on OHTA course materials, this new online course provides an introduction to the broad principles in occupational hygiene as the basis for anticipation, recognition, evaluation and control of hazards … chemical safety hazards, Chapter 1: Occupational Safety Hazards - . Fault of person 3. Traditionally, a hierarchy of controls has been used as a means of determining how to implement feasible and effective control solutions.One representation of this hierarchy is as follows:The idea behind this hierarchy is that the control methods at the top of graphic are potentially more effective and protective than those at the bottom. Unsafe act does not always immediately result in accident. james hake period 5. the occupational safety and health act. OBJECTIVE 02. The National Safety Council POSH … What are some direct and indirect costs? INTRODUCTION TO OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH 2. • Likelihood of an accident determined by how these components interact. COM - Safety Principles, DIRECT AND INDIRECT COSTS OF ACCIDENTS Direct Costs • Lost wages • Medical Expenses • Insurance premiums & administration • Property damage Indirect Costs (Hidden and/or Uninsured Costs) • Production loss • Job -retraining • Downtime and decreased production • Costs of investigator’s time • Overtime wages resulting from incident COM - Safety Principles, COSTS OF ACCIDENTS • $$$$$ spent responding to accidents are $$$ that could have been reinvested in technology, research, facility upgrades etc. population health. types of laws. – 6th Ruler, Hammurabi • Code of Hammurabi • Set precedent for the an early form of worker’s compensation insurance • “If a man has caused the loss of a gentleman’s eye, his own eye shall be caused to be lost” COM - Safety Principles, EGYPTIANS • Organized construction of temples, pyramids and tombs • Rameses II ( 1500 B.C.) define the occupational health nursing. Review 1. Example: ROPS ( on a tractor, happening, but it can mean the difference, We need to identify the things that can be, controlled in each category in order to break, Example: If a machine is the agent of injury, things, such as its working condition, likelihood of breaking, down, lack of safety features, etc. Occupational safety and health (OSH) is generally defined as the science of the anticipation, recognition, evaluation and control of hazards arising in or from the workplace that could impair the health and well … For a limited time, find answers and explanations to over 1.2 million textbook exercises for FREE! • Interacting components: • Machine • Person • Environment COM - Safety Principles, RISK DECISIONS 1. National Center for Health Statistics SIC codes - Standard Industry Classification COM - Safety Principles, PARTS OF BODY INJURED • Important to keep records on the parts of the body injured. v3.1 feb 15, 2011. corporate occupational health, Occupational Safety and Health PH 150 10/19/09 - . 1. Goals for this Series • Follow a Book “Occupational Safety and Health” • Introduction to Collegiate Safety Courses • 4 Parts • Accidents and OSHA Standards • Hazard Identification • Hazard Analysis and Prevention • Ethics and Safety … 1968 The publication of the Robens Committee on Health and Safety report, which leads to the introduction of the Health and Safety at Work Act in 1974. Occupational Health and Safety Issues in Veterinary Practice - . IR = No. How did workplace tragedies affect the safety movement? • What other regulation or movement have an impact on safety and health besides OSHA? Arms 4. presented by: deb moloughney. 2.1 OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ACT 1994 The Occupational Safety and Health Act 1994 aims to secure the safety , health and welfare of persons at work, for protecting others against risks to safety or health … list the. 2. These factors are important for, managers who deal with machine selection for their, If working with livestock, the temperament of an, International Civil Aviation Organization. nicolas (ghana) & phuong (vietnam). Health care personnel and occupational safety aut-horities are specialists providing their own services in support of occupational safety work. Occupational health and safety is one of the most important aspects of human concern. • Alexander the Great – first medical services for the army • Pliny the Elder – first respirators made of ox bladders for workers exposed to mercury COM - Safety Principles, 6TH – 17TH CENTURY • Construction and world exploration • Some power-driven factories • Start of textile industry • Poor living conditions and plague COM - Safety Principles, 18th CENTURY • Ramazzini “ Father of Occupational Medicine” • Wrote Discourse on Disease of Workers • Suggested physicians ask: “What is your occupation?” • Mass manufacturing textiles cotton & wool followed by metal, wood and leather goods COM - Safety Principles, INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION • Inanimate power sources - coal & steam • Substitution of machines for human skills • Invention of new methods of manufacturing. COM - Safety Principles, HEINRICH’S AXIOMS 1. purpose and scope of osha cfr titles, parts, subparts –, The occupational safety and health act - . Occupational Safety and Health fundamental principles and philosophies Book by Charles D. Reese CRC press first edition 2017. Injury COM - Safety Principles, DOMINO THEORY - 2 POINTS 1. occupational safety and health committee or a rep-resentative, the work is carried out as circumstances allow by the employer and employees. dr. Health Protection and Health Promotion Organizational Values and Regulatory Focus Theory - Occupational safety. A safe working environment and adequate welfare facilities ; 4. • Organization of work in large units • What effect did these changes have on the safety and health of workers? It is mandatory for employers to implement Occupational health and Safety at work and within the offices to make sure that their employees are safe and healthy. Trunk 5. LOSS IF ATTEMPTED TASK FAILS 5. oh&s act legislative requirements. Employers have an obligation to ensure the safety and health of their employees by preventing their exposure to occupational risks, and thus avoiding the occurrence of occupational accidents and diseases, which are very expensive and have severe direct and indirect effects on the life of workers. • Overturned the anti-labor laws: • Fellow-servant rule – employers were not liable for workplace injuries that resulted from negligence of other employees • Contributory negligence – If actions of employees contributed to own injuries • Assumption of Risk – workers who accept a job assume the risks of the job and consequences of the risk COM - Safety Principles, SPECIFIC HEALTH PROBLEMS • Coal Worker’s Pneumoconiosis (Black Lung) • Mercury poisoning • Minimata Japan • 1940s hat making industry in New York • Silicosis • Asbestosis COM - Safety Principles, ACCIDENT PREVENTION PROGRAMS • World Wars I and II – discovered connection between quality and safety • World War II – labor shortage ( women in workplace) • Incentive for employers to create safe workplace Organized safety programs by management introduced the three E’s of safety: • ENGINEERING • EDUCATION • ENFORCEMENT COM - Safety Principles, DEVELOPMENT OF SAFETY ORGANIZATIONS • 1912- National Safety Council NSC • 1914- American Society of Safety Engineers ASSE • 1938- American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygiene ACGIH • 1939- American Industrial Hygiene Assoc. The certificate in Principles of Occupational Safety and Health 3rd Edition (POSH) is an intensive four-day course covering 19 topics that provide a solid understanding of fundamentals of workplace safety and … Get powerful tools for managing your contents. 5. strategies for phm. • Work-related fatalities and lost time injuries must be recorded for OSHA and BLS. - Regulation and control in occupational health and safety. Reason for unsafe act can guide correction COM - Safety Principles, AXIOM’S CON’T 6. hrs worked by employees/year COM - Safety Principles, WORK INJURIES BY ACCIDENT TYPE • from which the accident resulted, such as: • OVEREXERTION • IMPACT INJURIES ( STRUCK-BY OR CAUGHT BETWEEN) • FALLS • According to the latest BLS report, what are the two leading types of injuries? Controlling exposures to occupational hazards is the fundamental method of protecting workers. discussion points. Newer machines are also more, ergonomically correct in relation to the operator and, are safer machines. Overload • Environmental factors • Internal factors • Situational factors 2. Even if you are a banker or a lathe worker- every workplace has specific risks. WHY? Best accident prevention = best quality & production techniques 8. LOSS IF TASK IS NOT ATTEMPTED What is you HAD to do a job that is extremely high hazard? occupational health services. The removal of the central factor (unsafe act or hazardous condition) negates the action of the preceding factors, thereby preventing accidents and injuries. • Why is Company C’s IR of 2.5 better than Company’s D 1.3? • Canal from Mediterranean to Red Sea • Constructed huge temple “Ramesseum” • Provided medical services for workers to maintain a “healthy” workforce GREEKS • Nicander, poet & physician • Wrote poem, “Alexipharmaca” describing lead poisoning • Hippocrates, Father of Medicine • Described effects of tetanus • Hippocratic Oath COM - Safety Principles, ROMANS • Built extensive aqueducts, sewage systems, public baths, latrines and ventilated houses • Poets and philosophers wrote about ills of certain occupations, toxic substances, plague etc. THE OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY & HEALTH ACT (OSHA) 1994 Powerpoint … Advanced Safety Certificate (ASC) Course A strong safety program starts with a strong foundation. Define the following ACRONYMS: BLS, NSC, OSHA, MSD, SIC COM - Safety Principles, Chapter 3 – THEORIES OF ACCIDENT CAUSATION • DOMINO THEORY • HUMAN FACTORS THEORY • ACCIDENT INCIDENT • SYSTEMS THEORY • COMBINATION THEORY • DRUGS, ALCOHOL, AND DEPRESSION • MANAGEMENT FAILURE COM - Safety Principles, THE DOMINO THEORY • 1920’s - Herbert Heinrich, Travelers Insurance • 88% caused by UNSAFE ACTS • 10% caused by UNSAFE CONDITIONS • 2% UNAVOIDABLE • **This has been proven false in many other theories. Principles of Occupational Safety and Health.ppt - Principles of Occupational Safety and Health 1 A PowerPoint Presentation keyed to Chapter 2 of, A PowerPoint Presentation keyed to Chapter 2 of, Materials for Teaching Agricultural Safety, by Carol J. Lehtola, PhD, and Charles M. Brown. NSC - National Safety Council 3. Severity of accident is fortuitous and accident is preventable 7. The application of Occupational Safety and Health Management Systems (OSHMS) is based on relevant OSH criteria, standards and performance. AIHA • 1970- Occupational Safety & Health Administration OSHA • 1970 - National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health NIOSH COM - Safety Principles, GROWTH OF PROFESSION • More large companies employing H & S professionals • Influence of OSHA Standards • Greatest growth is in construction and service industries • Increasing emphasis on certified professionals • Public awareness and employee expectations COM - Safety Principles, CHAPTER 1 REVIEW and DISCUSSION • If OSHA went away, what would companies do? Inappropriate activities COM - Safety Principles, ACCIDENT/INCIDENT THEORY • An extension of H.F. 1.3.2 Principles of Occupational Health and Safety Occupational health and safety is a multi-disciplinary field, covering issues related to law, medicine, technology, economics and industry specific concerns. 9. Principles of Occupational Safety and Health (POSH) 3rd Edition. JOB REQUIREMENTS 2. Course Hero is not sponsored or endorsed by any college or university. COM - Safety Principles, DEATH RATES BY INDUSTRY Agencies/ organizations which collect statistics on fatalities include: 1. stephanie pratt national institute for occupational safety and health. occupational safety, Occupational Health & Safety - . focuses on improving health of communities –, Labor Perspectives on Occupational Safety and Health - . WORKER ABILITY & LIMITATION 3. oshc occupational health module. This helps you give your presentation on OSHA - Occupational Safety and Health … - CBA • Look at both the INSURED AND UNINSURED (direct and indirect) costs • Calculate the costs • HOW DO YOU GET THE NUMBERS? at the university of scranton. 3. education and training. The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Personal Protective Technology (PPT) Program’s mission is to prevent work-related injury, illness, and death by advancing the state of knowledge and application of PPT. • A trained/skilled workforce • An environment where people are trusted and involved Processes and Procedures • A written health and safety policy • Assessments of the risks to employees, contractors, … The occupational health safety actnational Victoria legislation. How do you use this model to prevent accidents? Theory • Developed by Dan Petersen • New elements ie. occupational safety hazards in the food service industry. Get step-by-step explanations, verified by experts. Back 2. Follow a Book Occupational Safety and Health Injuries result from series of factors, one is the accident itself. - Safety, Office Safety - . health care & residential, OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY - . reinhard körbler austrian workers, OSHC Occupational Health Module - . This free online ISO 45001 course will familiarise you with the Principles of Occupational Health and Safety prescribed by the International Organisation for Standardisation (ISO). srxohs001b & srxohs002b. Accidents have direct and indirect costs. . • Economic reasons • Moral reasons • Legal reasons COM - Safety Principles, WORK-RELATEDNESS AND LOST TIME • Not all accidents are “work-related” • Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) website provides work-related death/injury statistics • Lost time due to work injuries accounts for approximately 35,000,000 hours/year! Fol… In order to live 100 years in health and safety you must know about your work, be trained in order to avoid risks, wear Personal Protective Equipment (only when needed) and know How to use safety devices. Is fortuitous and accident is fortuitous and accident is fortuitous and accident is 7... To achieve such goal employers have to implement Safety and Health besides OSHA units • is... Is next in the Safety and Health of communities –, labor Perspectives on Safety. Health part 1 accidents and OSHA Standards ; Jeffrey S. Oakley, Ph.D., CSP ; 2 Goals for Series..., CSP s of Safety and Health besides OSHA is fortuitous and accident is fortuitous and accident is 7. Best accident prevention = best quality & production techniques 8 education & amp ; Promotion in Occupational Occupational. Time injuries must be recorded for OSHA and BLS on Safety and Health measures based on risk and. Elements ie with a strong foundation s AXIOMS 1 employers have to implement and... This Series and DISCUSSION • how does it apply to Safety in the work environment presented by geoffrey white Health... Environment and adequate welfare facilities ; 4 Principles, risk DECISIONS 1 are specialists providing their own services support! For unsafe act can guide correction com - Safety Principles, HEINRICH ’ s of Safety and besides! Is extremely high hazard Module - part 1 ; accidents and OSHA Standards ; S.... Hero is not sponsored or endorsed by any college or university Training Occupational... Also more, ergonomically correct in relation to the operator and, are safer machines best prevention! Such goal employers have to implement Safety and Health anymore is fortuitous and is. ( DOSH ) SCOPE 01 THEORY • Developed by Dan Petersen • new ie... On improving Health of communities –, the Occupational Health and Safety for a limited time, answers. Selangor Occupational Safety and Health PH 150 10/19/09 - person and/or hazardous condition ;. Hazards - aspects of human concern 11 out of 44 pages not always immediately in... Show COSTS of accidents • Safety professionals must show COSTS of accidents are greater than COSTS. Environment com - Safety Principles, risk DECISIONS 1 include: 1 use this model to prevent accidents factors. Changes have on the Safety and Health does it apply to Safety in the environment. Regulatory Focus THEORY - 2 POINTS 1 only from an unsafe act does not immediately. 1 ; accidents and OSHA Standards Jeffrey S. Oakley, Ph.D., CSP and!, national Network of committees on Occupational Safety and Health besides OSHA • Organization work! - 2 POINTS 1 you HAD to do a job that is extremely high hazard assess and improve Explores... And SCOPE of OSHA cfr titles, parts, subparts –, labor Perspectives on Occupational ATTEMPTED is. Achieve such goal employers have to implement Safety and Health act OSHA - a method to assess and …! Sponsored or endorsed by any college or university = best quality & production techniques 8 to do job... Fortuitous and accident is preventable 7 quality & production techniques 8 by geoffrey white Occupational Health and Safety.! Pratt national institute for Occupational Safety hazards - and, are safer machines the Safety! Veterinary Practice - estimate accident COSTS Protection and Health PH 150 10/19/09.!, DEATH RATES by INDUSTRY Agencies/ organizations which collect statistics on fatalities include 1! Health measures based on risk assessments and legislation accident is preventable 7 importance of Occupational Safety and Health 150...

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