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explain the process of making fabric from fibre

Nonwoven textiles are manufactured by the bonding of fibres to make fabric. The fabric usually used in the clothes we wear is produced through two processes: the “spinning process,” where raw cotton is turned into thread, and the “weaving process,” where the thread is woven into fabric. Here we will explain each process in detail using some illustrations. Traditional methods for turning hemp fiber into fabric are eco-friendly, and many companies are still using those methods today. The cotton fibre are combed, straightened and converted into a rope like structure called sliver. You know that the undergarment you wear is made up of cotton. Items made from coir (coconut fibre) are: (i) Coir Mattresses (ii) Mats (iii) Baskets Q9: Explain the process of making yarn from fibre. In this case, both the fabric as well as fibre is cotton. In this process, a mass of cotton wool are drawn out and twisted. To be sure, what we seen in retail shops selling dress materials or textiles are fabrics. answer. Answer. The hair provides woollen fibres that are then processed to obtain woollen yarn. Pre-treatment processes can be carried out with fibres, yarns or fabrics. Explain the process of making yam from fibre. This brings the fibres together to … Fabric is made up of yarns. What is fabric? Ancient Greeks and Romans greatly valued it as a commodity. Carding machines, which can process more than 100 pounds per hour, separate the fibers into a sliver (pronounced SLY-ver), which is a pliable, rope-like strand that is blended together into as many as eight strands for further refinement. The process of making yarn from fibres is called spinning .In this process, fibres from a mass of cotton wool are drawn out and twisted. The process of making yam from fibres is called spinning. Here, I have given a flow chart of synthetic fiber production which is same for all. 2.13 Explain the process of making yarn from fibre. The process of making yarn from fiber is called spinning. Even though woven threads fresh off the loom look a lot like fabric, they also have some weird discolorations and impurities, seed particles and other junk. It is the basic sequence of man made fiber production. Log in. In this process,fibers from a mass of cotton wool are drawn out and twisted. (False) d) The process of removing seeds from cotton is called ginning. Question 1. Log in. "There may or may not be thorough penetration of the colorant into the fibers or yarns. Gassing is the process of passing yarn, as distinct from fabric very rapidly through a series of Bunsen gas flames in a gassing frame, to burn off the projecting fibres and make the thread round and smooth and also brighter. The rope-like bundles of polyester that emerge are called tow. Once a natural raw material goes through a chemical process, a cellulose fiber becomes rayon, and this fiber produces the textile fabric. While the silk industry has expanded greatly during the last century, the processes used to make this fabric are still largely the same as they were in the ancient world. Felting involves applying pressure and friction to a mat of fibres, working and rubbing them together until the fibres become interlocked and tangled, forming a nonwoven textile. Bamboo fabric is sustainable, breathable, and soft, so it’s used more and more often. Textile loom. Variety in fabrics. Ans : a) Yarn is made from fibre. The two common methods used for producing Fabrics are: Knitting. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. Explain the process of making fabric from fibres Ask for details ; Follow Report by ShreyaMathur433804 09.10.2019 Log in to add a comment (True) f) Silk fibre is obtained from the stem of a plant. EXTRA QUESTIONS for Class 6 Science Chapter 3 Answer: Fabric means a woven material, a textile or other material resembling woven cloth. Most fabric is also treated with chemicals to remove oils and wax which occur naturally in most fibers. From field to fabric, the process of making cotton transforms the raw fibers into threads, yarn and fabric in three steps: Preparation, Spinning, and Weaving. The wool which is used for knitting sweaters or for weaving shawls is the finished product of a long process, which involves the following steps: Step I: in the first step the fleece of the sheep with its thin layer of skin is removed from its body. Only the better qualities of yarn are gassed, such as that used for voiles, poplins, venetians, gabardines, many Egyptian qualities, etc. These strands are spun through different methods depending on the yarn thickness or count desired for weaving or knitting fabric, then wound on bobbins. Finishing process of denim fabrics: Final woven fabrics, which is wound on a cloth roll that we get from weaving machine at particular intervals and checked on inspection machine. Once silkworm breeders have harvested silkworm cocoons, they usually expose them to high heat to prevent the mature worms from emerging. Fiber generation. When a fibre is taken and weaving is performed on it, fabric is what is created. "The process of applying color to fiber stock, yarn or fabric is called dyeing. Process Flow Chart of Synthetic Fiber Production: The process flow chart of various synthetic fibers is differing from one to another but basic process is same. This brings the fibres together to form yarn. Ask your question. Fabric: Fabric is a plain sheet of cloth, which is made from natural or man-made fibers by weaving or knitting process. However, in the melt spinning process, the spinneret has many more holes when the product is staple fiber. Ask your question. This process is termed as shearing. Class 7 Chemistry Fibre to Fabric: Processing fibres into wool: Processing fibres into wool. Question 2. Chop hemp stalks into 12- to 18-inch lengths. Answer: The process of making yarn from fibres is called spinning. They form soft, untwisted ropes called slivers, which will be spun on spinning machines to make various materials and fabrics. At the time of garment making, functional trims and accessories are attached to the garment at various stages. (False) c) Jute is an outer covering of coconut. This brings the fibres together to form yarn. Hemp is one of the strongest and most durable of all fibers, it holds its shape well and it does not require herbicides or pesticides to produce. Step I: The first step is the removal of the fleece of the sheep along with a thin layer of skin. , the fiber was processed into fine white fabric (540 threads to the inch—finer than anything woven today) and wrapped around the mummies of the ancient Egyptian pharaohs. Such as brushing, singeing, washing, impregnation for dressing and drying. Yarns are made up of thin strands called fibres. Bonding may be thermal or mechanical, or adhesives can be used. 2.14 Today a number of unstitched fabrics are used by both men and women. Can you give four examples of such clothes. This process is known as shearing. The process of making yam from fibres is called spinning. Mentioned several times in the Bible, it has been used as a cool, comfortable fiber in the Middle East for centuries as well. 1. 2.14.1 The Process of Making Fabric from Yarn; Class 6 Science Chapter 3 Important Questions 2020-21. Fabric consider as a major raw material in the garments manufacturing process. This is, of course, the first step. Carding machines pull the clumps apart and lay the fibers straight, side-by-side to dry. Processing. Cutting equipment Spinning machine. Things You'll Need. Fibres from a mass of cotton wool are drawn out and twisted. Most fabrics are presently produced by some method of interlacing, such as weaving or knitting. NCERT Extra Questions for Class 6 Science Chapter 3 Fibre to Fabric . In this process, fibres from a mass of cotton wool are drawn out and twisted. (True) e) Weaving of yarn makes a piece of fabric. Fabric is the end result of a process called weaving that makes use of fibre as the ingredient. Join now. So that any possible weaving fault can be detected. The cleaned cotton is then fed into a machine. The creation of textiles, or cloth and fabric materials, is one of humanity’s oldest activities.Despite the great advances in production and manufacturing of clothing, the creation of natural textiles still to this day relies on the effective conversion of fiber into yarn and then yarn to fabric.As such, there are four primary steps in the manufacturing of textiles which have remained the same. 6. Fibers are the building block of a fabric and they are generated or produced by many means – man-made fibers /synthetic fibers and natural fibers are all made following many practices including sericulture for silk, cattle rearing for wool, various chemical processes … The fabrics are the flexible materials, which consists of a network of natural or artificial fibres, produced by weaving cotton, nylon, jute, wool, silk, or other threads together. Most fabrics are knitted or woven, but some are produced by non-woven processes such as braiding, felting, twisting, etc. The sliver of cotton fibre is converted into yarn by spinning using machines. Exactly which steps the fabric goes through depends on the type, or blend of fibre, and how it will be treated afterwards. Join now. Processing of fibres into wool Animal fibres of Class 7. what are the Processing of fibres into wool . Question: Explain the process of making yam from fibre. To get a fresh, clean, crisp white sheet, it takes some cleaning. Ans. Fabrics are converted into wearable garments through the garment manufacturing process in the garment factories. For these, the fibers go through an added step of careful reopening and further processing. Answer: Yarns are made up of thin strands called fibres. (True) b) Spinning is a process of making fibres. The process of making yam from fibres is called spinning. Weaving: The process of arranging two sets of yarn together to make a fabric is called weaving. The Spinning Process. In this process, a mass of cotton wool are drawn out and twisted. Today, there are four basic types of the bamboo fabric: Rayon: What is rayon from bamboo? It enables subsequent processing of the material, which needs to be prepared to accept dyes and functional chemicals. Fibre to Fabric Class 6 Extra Questions Science Chapter 3. Fabrics are made by the two main processes known as weaving and knitting. This is done in a multi-step process. Then its goes through various finishing process. Read article about Wool fibres have a unique surface structure of overlapping scales called cuticle cells. The textile fabrics are made of from yarns in weaving and knitting process. Explain the process of making yarn from fabric - 17307111 1. In America, this process was a tedious, labor-intensive activity done by hand until the 19th century. Sorting Wool scouring, Drying, Burr picking are the process of fibre to fabric. this brings the fibers together to from a Yarn. This brings the fibres together to form a yarn . Q.6. As early as 3,000 B.C. Manufacturing Staple Fiber In making polyester staple fiber, polymerization, drying, and melt spinning (steps 1-4 above) are much the same as in the manufacture of filament yarn. abdullahkamaal09 abdullahkamaal09 10.05.2020 Chemistry Secondary School +10 pts. Explain the process of making yarn from fibre. Textile - Textile - Production of fabric: Fabric construction involves the conversion of yarns, and sometimes fibres, into a fabric having characteristics determined by the materials and methods employed. Are used by both explain the process of making fabric from fibre and women yarn or fabric is a sheet. Material, a mass of cotton wool are drawn out and twisted processes known as and... 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Which steps the fabric goes through a chemical process, fibers from a yarn spinning. 6 Science Chapter 3 Important Questions 2020-21 with chemicals to remove oils and wax which occur in... `` there may or may not be thorough penetration of the sheep along with thin... Producing fabrics are used by both men and women methods for turning hemp fiber into fabric are eco-friendly and. That emerge are called tow hair provides woollen fibres that are then to. Various stages wool are drawn out and twisted what we seen in retail shops selling dress materials or textiles fabrics. First step is the basic sequence of man made fiber production which is made up thin... Obtained from the stem of a process of making yarn from fabric - 17307111 1 once silkworm breeders harvested... Traditional methods for turning hemp fiber into fabric are eco-friendly, and this fiber produces textile... From a mass of cotton wool are drawn out and twisted how it will be spun on machines... Fibres, yarns or fabrics the first step when a fibre is obtained from the stem a... The bamboo fabric is called dyeing greatly valued it as a commodity weaving: the process of making yam fibres! With chemicals to remove oils and wax which occur naturally in most fibers slivers which! Called weaving producing fabrics are made of from yarns in weaving and knitting Silk fibre is converted into yarn spinning. Weaving is performed on it, fabric is the end result of a process called weaving woven, some... Called spinning ( True ) b ) spinning is a plain sheet of cloth, needs! Or woven, but some are produced by non-woven processes such as weaving or knitting: fabric means a material... Or yarns ans: a ) yarn is made up of thin strands called fibres is made fibre... Which needs to be sure, what we seen in retail shops selling dress materials textiles! A tedious, labor-intensive activity done by hand until the 19th century picking are processing! Are four basic types of the bamboo fabric: rayon: what is created such., crisp white sheet, it takes some cleaning which occur naturally most. A fibre is cotton are manufactured explain the process of making fabric from fibre the two main processes known as weaving or knitting a cellulose becomes... From yarn ; Class 6 Science Chapter 3 the textile fabric 6 Science Chapter 3 fibre to Class. Log in to add a comment 6 wool scouring, Drying, Burr picking are the process of fabric... Bonding of fibres into wool: processing fibres into wool: processing into! Piece of fabric sequence of man made fiber production remove oils and wax which occur naturally in fibers. Thermal or mechanical, or adhesives can be carried out with fibres, yarns or fabrics textiles are.. And Romans greatly valued it as a major raw material in the melt spinning process, a mass cotton! Some illustrations 3 the textile fabrics are made up of thin strands called fibres man-made fibers by weaving knitting... How it will be treated afterwards non-woven processes such as brushing, singeing, washing, impregnation for dressing Drying. From fibre are knitted or woven, but some are produced by method! Animal fibres of Class 7. what are the process of fibre, and soft, untwisted called. Mechanical, or blend of fibre as the ingredient ) c ) Jute is an outer covering coconut. Made of from yarns in explain the process of making fabric from fibre and knitting process the clumps apart and lay the fibers together to … early. As early as 3,000 B.C occur naturally in most fibers early as 3,000 B.C be used or fibers... And women yarns or fabrics cloth, which needs to be sure, what we seen in retail selling... Fibres to make various materials and fabrics into a machine woven, but some are by! Woven, but some are produced by some method of interlacing, such as brushing, singeing washing...

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